Tuesday, June 11, 2019

Has the Text of the Qur'an Ever Been Changed? The Manuscripts of the Qur'an Say Yes

For many years since I can remember, I would hear many Muslim apologists say that unlike the Bible, the Qur'an has been perfectly transmitted and preserved. They would repeatedly affirm that the Qur'an that we have in our hands today is the very same Qur'an that existed in the time of Muhammad and that not a letter, not a word, not even a sentence has gone missing or has been changed. Many academics and Christian scholars / apologists have always recognized and argued that this claim was false and merely Islamic propaganda. The very fact that the third Caliph Uthman had to standardize the text of the Qur'an demonstrated that about 20 years after Muhammad's death in 632 A.D. there were competing readings in the various copies of the Qur'an throughout centers of the Islamic Empire. Our Muslim friends like to say that this has to do with the 7 different recitations or ways of reading the Qur'an in various dialects, but if this was the case this would not explain Uthman's order of the wholesale destruction of the actual manuscripts of the Qur'an. Many Muslims are upset when the Qur'an is disrespected by being torn or burned, yet Uthman had copies of the Qur'an burned, and therefore destroyed! In this sense, the first to burn the Qur'an was the Caliph Uthman! Uthman ordered that all surviving copies of the Qur'an in the Empire be collected and burned and that a standardized version of the Qur'an authorized by him become the "authorized version" for the whole Islamic world.

One of the major problems is that we have none of these Qur'anic manuscripts that come from the Caliph Uthman. One would think that with the Islamic view of preservation and guarding sacred texts that at least some of these manuscripts from Uthman's time would survive to this day, but alas, there are none. Where is the actual standardized Qur'an of Uthman's day? Why has not  even one survived? The only manuscript copies of the Qur'an that have survived are post-Uthmanic, i.e., they come after Uthman and they are filled with different readings called textual variants. In Dr. Daniel Brubaker's new book Corrections in Early Qur'an Manuscripts: Twenty Examples, he demonstrates that the surviving copies of the manuscripts of the Qur'an are riddled with textual variants. In some cases, new words like "Allah" are added in 9 different manuscripts in places where Allah's name does not appear in the original text.. This is strange indeed for how can a Muslim scribe forget to add what is considered the holiest name of all in Islam, namely, Allah? In other cases Dr. Brubaker shows how entire sentences are taped over and written over with a new script. In other cases we see manuscripts of the Qur'an that have been erased called palimpsests and a new script is written on top of the erased script. With ultraviolet lighting scholars are now able to read the underlying text and Brubaker has found that the reading that was erased differs from the reading that was written over it. In some cases, pronouns are changed from "he" to "they". This work by Brubaker includes photographs of the various manuscripts. The subtitle of the book suggests there are 20 examples, but there are 2 extra examples which brings the number up to 22. This book is only a starter as Brubaker will be writings a more extensive book on this subject. According to Dr. Jay Smith, Brubaker has found more than 4000 variants in the manuscripts of the Qur'an.

Manuscripts don't lie. The transmission of the Qur'an has suffered the same textual corruption as all handwritten texts including the manuscripts of the Bible. Christians have always been open and honest about the textual variants in the biblical manuscripts unlike our Muslim friends who continue to repeat the same mantra over and over "the Qur'an has never been changed!" and "we have the exact same Qur'an today that was given to Muhammad".  They have been forced to say this because the Qur'an makes some lofty claims about itself such as this verse, "We have, without doubt sent down the Message [the Qur'an]; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption)" (Qur'an 15:9; Yusuf Ali). These claims have been shown to be false by scholarship and the witness of the manuscripts of the Qur'an demonstrate this, that there has indeed been textual corruption. It's time our Muslim friends put this mythological claim of an unchanged Qur'an to bed. I would highly recommend Dr. Brubaker's book to all interested in outreach to our Muslim friends. I would also invite our Muslim friends to read this book and to be consistent by following the truth wherever it leads them.


Rathinam said...

Nice and very useful post, Actually I am getting more different ideas from your wonderful post. Thank you...!
Pega Training in Chennai
Pega Training
Oracle Training in Chennai
Spark Training in Chennai
Oracle DBA Training in Chennai
Excel Training in Chennai
Embedded System Course Chennai
Tableau Training in Chennai
Unix Training in Chennai
Power BI Training in Chennai

Geek Squad Support said...

Great work, I really appreciate it, keep sharing.
if you have any queries related to your hardware devices like more mobiles, laptop then easily contact our page Geek squad support we provide the best solution for our customer.

EvaniaFlo said...

Dapatkan keseruan dengan deposit minimal 10ribu di Donaco Poker...Menangkan bonus jackpot hingga puluhan juta rupiah tanpa ribet...
Kami Berikan Tips Cerdik Untuk Anda Tips Cerdik Poker

hanry456 said...

one copy of Windows was installed on multiple PCs McAfee Software License Terms specify a certain number of devices (PCs) on which a single copy of McAfee may be installed.


Unknown said...

Hi David,

I'm sorry to contact you here but I couldn't find an easier route. Knowing your recent troubles with censorship I wondered if you have come across USA.Life which has just been brought to my attention by a friend over there. It is young and small with limitations by equipment but I think you might be surprised by its potential and I think it may become a very big player. I accept it may not reach the entire audience you would like but I do think it could serve as a good 'base' to provide some stability/continuity among the more hostile platforms.

I just thought it worth passing on. All the best,

Craig Bootz (a big fat fan)
Cheshire, UK.

velraj said...

This is very much useful for readers. Keep update more.
Ethical Hacking course in Chennai
Ethical Hacking Training Institute in Chennai
Hacking course in Chennai
ccna Training in Chennai
Salesforce course in Chennai
PHP Training in Chennai
Tally course in Chennai
Ethical Hacking course in OMR
Ethical Hacking course in Anna Nagar
Ethical Hacking course in Vadapalani

TheAssignmenthelps said...

Its a great pleasure reading your post.Its full of information I am looking for and I love to post a comment that "The content of your post is awesome" Great work.
Case Study Assignment Help

Anggastika said...

Cari Agen Bola Terpercaya atau Cari Agen Sabung Ayam Terpercaya??
Ada Nihh
agen sbobet


Hubungi kami Sekarang Juga :
WA: +6287785425244

Elan Progret said...

There are so many types of essays; it can be hard to know where to start. History papers aren’t just limited to history classes. These tasks can be assigned to examine any important historical event or a person. While they’re more common in history classes, you can find this type of assignment in sociology or political science course syllabus, or just get a history essay task for your scholarship.

What is a political essay? A political is just as the name suggests an essay based on politics or a political situation. Completing a political essay is impossible without the proper research to fully understand your subject. First, you should study the primary texts, to analyze its contents. You may take advantage of using reliable Internet sources, with available government reports and political parties' news. Scan through reputable newspapers and magazines to compile relevant data for your political essay. Find more political essay at http://writing-a-thesis.net/

Muhammad Qasim Attari said...

Every Muslim Wants To Have Blessings Of Allah Almighty And Everyone Wants To Walk On The Straight Path. If We Walk On The Path Of Those People To Whom Allah Almighty Have Blessed We Can Also Get The Blessings. In صراط الذين انعمت عليهم غير المغضوب عليهم ولا الضالين We Are Told About The Right Path And That Is The Path Of Those People To Whom Allah Almighty Gives Blessings. To Get Closer To These People And Get Blessings.

hanry456 said...

Our team of global threat analysts operates a follow-the-sun-model to provide 24x7 coverage to Symantec customers to track the latest developments on the threat landscape. Analysts continuously monitor a worldwide network of Symantec protected machines as well as a large-scale, global network of honey pots (machines designed to lure attackers).






wemake said...

Download latest audio and video file fromvidmate

Entertaining Game Channel said...

This is Very very nice article. Everyone should read. Thanks for sharing. Don't miss WORLD'S BEST Games

Riya Raj said...

The way you have conveyed your blog is more impressive.... good blog...
JAVA Training in Chennai
JAVA Course in Chennai
Java Training
Java classes in chennai
JAVA Training in Annanagar
java training in vadapalani
Digital Marketing Course in Chennai
Python Training in Chennai
Big data training in chennai
Selenium Training in Chennai

सच्च का आईना said...


आदम मट्टी की पैदाइश


सत्यार्थ प्रकाश की पोल खोल , नियोग , वेदों में कितना ज्ञान इत्यादि ।

बड़े भाई ! मैं धार्मिक ग्रन्थों को पढ़ने में रुचि रखता हूँ मेरा उपदेश किसी व्यक्ति या धर्म को ठेस पहुंचाना नही बल्कि इस्लाम विरोधी को जवाब देना है वो भी उनके धार्मिक पुस्तकों से प्रमाण के था। जो कि इस्लाम पर ताना काशी करते है।उन्हें खुद नही पता कि उनकी धार्मिक ग्रन्थ में क्या लिखा है और उनकी मान्यता क्या है केवल उन लोगो को सच्च का आईना दिखाना है । धन्यवाद

David Flynn said...

Geek Squad Support is a device repair provider that is available globally. The experts at repair desk are efficient and are well trained in dealing with any of customer technical issue. Call the Geek Squad Support specialists at their troubleshoot number, anytime you require, and they will assure some of the great, urgent technical help.

meldaresearch said...

Our Company prides itself as the best providers of Custom College Papers in the industry due to the numerous years we have provided our clients with reliable and quality services.We ensure that the experts offering the client with writing services have the skills and qualifications in the specific subject area requested by the client thus ensuring they get the best Custom Made Essays services.

Amin said...

Has the Qur'an been preserved? Are there different versions of the Qur’an?

Is the Bible corrupted?

Dale Morris said...

Yahoo Mail Customer Service Number
Microsoft Edge Phone Number

hanry456 said...

Our team of global threat analysts operates a follow-the-sun-model to provide 24x7 coverage to Symantec customers to track the latest developments on the threat landscape. Analysts continuously monitor a worldwide network of Symantec protected machines as well as a large-scale, global network of honey pots (machines designed to lure attackers).




hanry456 said...

Se ha publicado tu comentario.

Microsoft Office 2019 is the current version of Microsoft Office, a productivity suite, succeeding Office 2016 at www.office.com/setup or office.com/setup. It was released to general availability for Windows 10 and for macOS on September 24, 2018. Office 2019 includes many of the features previously published via Office 365, along with improved inking features, new animation features in PowerPoint including the morph and zoom features, and new formulas and charts in Excel for data analysis.



hanry456 said...

Norton.com/setup - Having a good antivirus could mean a major difference between life and death of your portable electronic devices. Norton setup is an executable file that you download via www.norton.com/setup to deploy Norton security on your home devices as well as business-related work running on Windows, MAC, Android, OS and iOS platforms. It primarily stitches digital security framework around the digital surroundings of your PCs, server devices as well as various mobile devices. As a reliable third-party tech support provider, Antivirus Norton offers you reliable information and support on how to deploy Norton Security on your devices.




Uylis Mecihok said...

The subject of Philosophy and its subcategories have been widely discussed in both the Western and non-Western world albeit with different focuses. Philosophy includes many different subfields involving investigation into our existence. These subfields include epistemology, ethics, logic, metaphysics, philosophy of science, social and political philosophy, and Metaphilosophy. Epistemology focuses on the study of Knowledge, also known as “Theory of Knowledge”. Ethics involves the study of moral values and rules, Logic; the study of reasoning. Metaphysics is the study of being and knowing also known as the principles of reality. Read more at http://writeacoverletters.com
One of the first points to be clear about is that a philosophical essay is quite different from an essay in most other subjects. That is because it is neither a research paper nor an exercise in literary self-expression. It is not a report of what various scholars have had to say on a particular topic. It does not present the latest findings of tests or experiments. And it does not present your personal feelings or impressions. Instead, it is a reasoned defense of a thesis.

hanry456 said...

Norton antivirus and security software are one of the best security programs for keeping all your devices safe. They come with plenty of advanced features and are capable of detecting threats that are harmful to your computer. You can surf the internet without worrying about viruses and other malware if you have an ideal antivirus installed in your PC. Various antivirus software programs in the market assure utmost protection of your computer but fail even to detect certain viruses with the scan. Instead of choosing any random antivirus program, go with a reputed antivirus brand such as Norton. If you desire to get Norton antivirus setup for your computer




HP Printer Assistant

Rakesh said...

Great, this article is quite awesome and I have bookmarked this page for my future reference.
Tally course in Chennai
Tally classes in Chennai
Tally Training in Chennai
ccna course in Chennai
PHP Training in Chennai
Salesforce Training in Chennai
Web Designing Training in Chennai
Tally Course in Ambattur
Tally Course in Perambur
Tally Course in Avadi

Royal Son said...

Very informative post about the text of the Qur'an. Now that the muslims' book is subject to textual criticism, they're scrambling about trying to borrow Christian responses to deal with the variants. But they have made the claim all along that the Qur'an has no variants and that it is the unchanged direct word of Allah.

It seems to me that there are a number of people not wishing this content to be read, hence the spam. Is there a way to have those kinds of spam comments filtered?

Venkatesh CS said...

Thanks for sharing valuable information.
digital marketing training
digital marketing in Chennai
digital marketing training in Chennai
digital marketing course in Chennai
digital marketing course training in omr
digital marketing certification
digital marketing course training in velachery
digital marketing training and placement
digital marketing courses with placement
digital marketing course with job placement
digital marketing institute in Chennai
digital marketing certification course in Chennai
digital marketing course training in Chennai
Digital Marketing course in Chennai with placement

Situs Judi Online Sukabet said...

ingin bermain poker tanpa modal dan pastinya senantiasa menguntungkan untuk anda ? kini jawaban anda sudah ada kok. anda bisa bermain poker tanpa modal di situs jakartapoker. jakartapoker menyediakan kesempatan bagi anda yang ingin bermain poker tanpa modal, dengan menggunakan bonus refferal. bonus ini bekerja jika ada orang lain yang mendaftar ke situs jakartapoker dengan menggunakan link refferal yang anda punya. caranya cukup mudah dan gampan untuk di ikuti oleh player judi online seperti anda.

Situs Judi Online Sukabet said...

ingin bergabung dengan situs judi yang senantiasa memberikan keuntungan kepada anda 100% tanpa ada potongan sama sekali. simple saja caranya, anda bisa bergabung ke situs poker online terbaru pokerseleb. pokerseleb adalah situs judi online yang menggunakan sistem permainan idn poker. provider judi online yang sejak dulu dipercaya sebagai provider yang paling murah hati namun berstandar internasional.

raj khan said...

Soma pill is very effective as a painkiller that helps us to get effective relief from pain. This cannot cure pain. Yet when it is taken with proper rest, it can offer you effective relief from pain.
This painkiller can offer you relief from any kind of pain. But Soma 350 mg is best in treating acute pain. Acute pain is a type of short-term pain which is sharp in nature. Buy Soma 350 mg online to get relief from your acute pain.


Buy Soma 350 mg
Soma Pill
Buy Soma 350 mg online

Buy Soma 350 mg online
Soma Pill
Buy Soma 350 mg

Geeks For Tech said...

Thanks for sharing this fantastic blog, really very informative. Your writing skill is very good, you must keep writing this type of blogs. Geek Squad Tech Support

ashleylisa said...

Thanks for sharing this. Really a good blog and we need more information like that.
alexa customer service

Benish said...

Really nice post. Thank you for sharing amazing information.
Python training in Chennai/Python training in OMR/Python training in Velachery/Python certification training in Chennai/Python training fees in Chennai/Python training with placement in Chennai/Python training in Chennai with Placement/Python course in Chennai/Python Certification course in Chennai/Python online training in Chennai/Python training in Chennai Quora/Best Python Training in Chennai/Best Python training in OMR/Best Python training in Velachery/Best Python course in Chennai

jose said...

Really nice post. Thank you for sharing amazing information.
Java Training in Credo Systemz/Java Training in Chennai Credo Systemz/Java Training in Chennai/Java Training in Chennai with Placements/Java Training in Velachery/Java Training in OMR/Java Training Institute in Chennai/Java Training Center in Chennai/Java Training in Chennai fees/Best Java Training in Chennai/Best Java Training in Chennai with Placements/Best Java Training Institute in Chennai/Best Java Training Institute near me/Best Java Training in Velachery/Best Java Training in OMR/Best Java Training in India/Best Online Java Training in India/Best Java Training with Placement in Chennai

Situs Judi Online Sukabet said...

Dengan menjadi member situs judi poker online jakartapoker sekarang juga, anda sudah bisa memainkan permainan judi poker online terbaik di bidangnya.
jakartapoker juga menyediakan berbagai bonus permainan judi poker online yang bisa anda dapatkan secara cuma-cuma tanpa syarat sama sekali. Rasakan pengalaman bermain judi poker online terbaik di situs jakartapoker. Ajak juga teman teman anda, dan dapatkan bonus refferal sebesar 10% untuk anda secara cuma-cuma.

fayereagan said...

Tampilan situs judi poker online dinamis, serta dijamin anti lag sama sekali, dapat anda temui di situs judi poker online jakartapoker. situs judi poker online ini senantiasa memberikan layanan permainan judi poker online terbesar di Indonesia dengan pelayanan yang prima. situs judi poker online jakartapoker menggandeng lembaga PAGCOR dan BMMTestLab untuk mengawasi permainan mereka. mainkan permainan judi poker online menguntungkan dan senantiasa aman 100% di situs jakartapoker sekarang juga,