Showing posts with label Muhammad. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Muhammad. Show all posts

Sunday, April 6, 2014

50 Reasons Muhammad Was Not a Prophet

Why should the entire world reject Muhammad as a prophet? Here are 50 reasons, arranged by category (some reasons could have been listed under more than one category). Click on a reason to get the facts about Muhammad, or click here for a brief video overview.


Saturday, April 5, 2014

Muslim Convert Refutes Our Claims about Muhammad Wearing Women's Clothing!

It's always amazing to see Muslim apologists thinking that they're refuting our arguments by childish name-calling.

A Muslim convert who calls himself Christopher Abdullah Dawah watched our video about Muhammad wearing women's clothing:

Check out Abdullah's highly sophisticated and airtight refutation of our claims:

Friday, March 28, 2014

Islam and the Deification of Muhammad

Our Muslim friends tell us that Islam is the religion of submission to Allah alone. But when we open the Qur'an, we find that Islam demands complete submission to Muhammad:
Quran 4:65—But no, by your Lord, they can have no Faith, until they make you (O Muhammad) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission.

Quran 33:36—It is not fitting for a Believer, man or woman, when a matter has been decided by Allah and His Apostle to have any option about their decision: if any one disobeys Allah and His Apostle, he is indeed on a clearly wrong Path.
Moreover, Muhammad commanded his followers to address him directly in their prayers:
Sahih Muslim 798—Ibn Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah used to teach us tashahhud just as he used to teach us a Sura of the Qur'an, and he would say: All services rendered by words, acts of worship, and all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah's mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah's upright servants. I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
To this day, Muslims around the world speak directly to Muhammad during their prayers, saying, "Peace be upon you, O Prophet." What kind of attributes would Muhammad need in order to hear these prayers?

And this is the religion that condemns other religions for idolatry?

For more on this topic, see the following articles by Sam Shamoun:
"On Serving Others Besides Allah: The Hypocrisy and Blasphemy of Islam (Part One)"
"On Serving Others Besides Allah: The Hypocrisy and Blasphemy of Islam (Part Two)"
"On Serving Others Besides Allah: The Hypocrisy and Blasphemy of Islam (Part Three)"

Wednesday, March 26, 2014

How Muhammad Became the Final Prophet

It is orthodox Muslim belief that Muhammad is the final prophet - but it took many years for this belief to become orthodox as there were other people claiming to prophets around this time. It was through the actions of Muhammad’s close companions that the belief that he was the final prophet was enforced and made orthodox.

Muhammad in Context

The following people claimed to be prophets at the same time Muhammad was claiming to be a prophet:
  • Talhah bin Khuwailid Al-Asadi
  • Malik bin Nuwairah
  • Al-Mundhir bin An-Numan
  • Al-Yamamah Musailamah
  • Dhu At-Taj
  • Muhammad bin Abdullah
  • Laqit bin Malik Al-Azdi
  • Iyas bin Abdullah bin Abd Yalil
  • Al-Ashath bin Qais Al-Kindy
  • Qais bin Makshuh
  • Al-Aswad Al-Ansi (Dr. Shawqi Abu Khalil, Atlas on the Prophet’s Biography, Riyadh: Darussalam, 2003, p. 254)

These prophets were monotheists and some were known to have their own words from God which they taught to their followers. This is the Arabian context in which Muhammad was doing his activity; he was not alone.

When some of the Arabian tribes accepted Islam they accepted Muhammad as a prophet along with their own prophet. They had at least two prophets. Muhammad was certainly not viewed as the final prophet by these early Muslims.

How did the belief that Muhammad was the final prophet become the orthodox view?
(Immediately after the death of Muhammad) The situation that Abu Bakr faced on assuming the caliphate was very grim. Many tribes apostatised from Islam and refused to pay Zakat. Many false prophets rose throughout the length and breadth of Arabia, and many people offered allegiance to them. The argument that weighed with them was that a living prophet was to be preferred to one who was dead. (Prof. Masud ul Hasan, History of Islam, 2002, vol. 1, p. 97)
And so we see that after Muhammad’s death these other prophets continued their activity. Abu Bakr’s response to this situation was to declare war on these Muslims and unify them around Muhammad alone. To the north of Medina was the tribe of Asad. They followed their prophet Talhah. Muhammad’s followers marched against them and defeated them at Buzakha. The tribe of Hanifa was led by the prophet Musailamah. Muhammad’s followers fought hard against this tribe and finally killed Musailamah. In Oman Laquit b Malik was the prophet. An army was sent against him. Laquit and ten thousand of his followers were killed. In Yemen there was a prophet called Aswad Ansi. He had a large following. Muhammad’s army defeated them and killed Aswad.

This is how Muhammad became the final prophet; his close companions killed all the other prophets and forced their version of Islam upon these Arab tribes. Muhammad’s Qur’an was to be preserved but any Qur’an-like material from these other prophets was not preserved.

Reflections and Applications

1. It was not universally acknowledged among the early Muslims that Muhammad was the final prophet. This belief took time to be established and was enforced violently on the early Islamic community. If these different early Islamic communities had been allowed to continue to follow their own prophet then their belief that Muhammad was not the final prophet would continue today and Islam would look very different.

2. Muhammad and his companions did not introduce monotheism into Arabia but by killing the other prophets they introduced Muhammadism. The Islam of these early Muslim communities who had other prophets along with Muhammad now had to conform to Muhammadism.

3. The killing of these prophets and stopping the transmission of any Qur’an-like material they may have had destroyed important evidence for the context of Muhammad’s Qur’an. How did what Muhammad recite relate to what these other prophets recited? Was there common material between them? Did any of their material get included in Muhammad’s Qur’an or was Muhammad's completely different to them? It is an assumption to say there was no connection between them and Muhammad. To claim that what Muhammad recited was completely unique is an argument from silence, a silence created by killing these prophets and their words. Therefore when we think about the history of the Qur’an we need to consider this context. Even if we cannot answer certain questions about these prophets and their words we can at least know that modern Islamic claims are just assumptions and arguments from silence.

4. “How Muhammad became the final prophet” would be a good title for a book and there is plenty of material in the Islamic sources to work with. I say this because there are a few books with titles like “How Jesus Became God” and Muslims seem to like these books. However, Muslims cannot say that because early Christians wrestled to understand the divinity of Jesus this means his divinity is a later invention. Would Muslims say the same about Muhammad being the final prophet? Some issues take a while to sort out. The main issue for Christians and Muslims in this area is to make sure we learn our history properly and not rely on cliches and exaggeration.

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

Muhammad and the Thighing of Aisha

There's been an interesting debate in recent years between Christian apologists and Westernized Muslim apologists over the Islamic practice of "thighing," which involves a Muslim (more specifically, Muhammad) putting his penis between the thighs of a virgin (or a woman during her monthly period) and moving back and forth until he ejaculates.

As usual, Christian apologists got this accusation from Muslim scholars, who refer to the practice in their fatwas (legal rulings by Islamic scholars). The problem is that, whenever we link to a fatwa discussing the Islamic practice of thighing, Westernized Muslims complain to the fatwa site administrators, and the administrators then remove the fatwa. Once the fatwa is removed, Westernized Muslims accuse us of inventing the issue of thighing in order to attack Muhammad!

Just so there's no denying the fact that Muslim scholars issue such rulings, here's a screenshot of a fatwa on thighing that is still available at Islam Web (though it may be taken down once this article circulates):

But this won't convince Westernized Muslim apologists, who, despite their profound ignorance of their own sources, nevertheless believe that they know more about Islam than their scholars and jurists. They will settle for nothing less than a clear Qur'an statement declaring: "Thus saith Allah on the issue of thighing . . .," and even here they would simply reinterpret the passage!

For those of us who are more balanced in our approach and less obsessed with defending Muhammad at all costs, the Muslim sources provide abundant material on the issue of thighing. In order to avoid any accusations of deception, however, I will (1) limit myself to narrations that are available online for everyone to read, and (2) proceed step by step, showing carefully how Muslim scholars arrive at their conclusions.

First, we need to keep in mind that the Muslim sources do not use the word "thighing." Instead, they refer to a practice that is usually translated into English as "fondling" or "playing." The term is used of some sort of sexual practice with virgins and with women during menses (when sex is forbidden, according to Qur'an 2:222). Here are two examples (there are plenty more):
Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 7, Number 17:
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah: When I got married, Allah's Apostle said to me, "What type of lady have you married?" I replied, "I have married a matron.' He said, "Why, don't you have a liking for the virgins and for fondling them?" Jabir also said: Allah's Apostle said, "Why didn't you marry a young girl so that you might play with her and she with you?" (Available online here.)

Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Number 298:
Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet and I used to take a bath from a single pot while we were Junub. During the menses, he used to order me to put on an Izar (dress worn below the waist) and used to fondle me. While in Itikaf, he used to bring his head near me and I would wash it while I used to be in my periods (menses). (Available online here.)
Notice that Muhammad found the practice of "fondling" virgins preferable to sex with adult women.

Second, Muhammad used to do something that would leave semen on his clothes. Here are two narrations (again, there are plenty more):
Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Number 231:
Narrated Sulaiman bin Yasar: I asked 'Aisha about the clothes soiled with semen. She replied, "I used to wash it off the clothes of Allah's Apostle and he would go for the prayer while water spots were still visible." (Available online here.)

Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Number 233:
Narrated 'Aisha: I used to wash the semen off the clothes of the Prophet and even then I used to notice one or more spots on them. (Available online here.)
What was Muhammad doing that left semen all over his clothes? Since Muhammad condemned both masturbation and coitus interruptus (removing the penis from a woman before ejaculation), this leaves Westernized Muslim apologists to argue that Muhammad's semen marks were the result of nocturnal emissions (wet dreams). But Muhammad had far, far too much sex to have nocturnal emissions.
Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 1, Number 268: Narrated Qatada: Anas bin Malik said, "The Prophet used to visit all his wives in a round, during the day and night and they were eleven in number." I asked Anas, "Had the Prophet the strength for it?" Anas replied, "We used to say that the Prophet was given the strength of thirty (men)." And Sa'id said on the authority of Qatada that Anas had told him about nine wives only (not eleven). (Available online here.)

Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 7, Number 142: Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet used to pass by (have sexual relation with) all his wives in one night, and at that time he had nine wives. (Available online here.)
Even with so many wives, Muhammad got in trouble for having sex with his slave-girl, Mary the Copt.

So the semen on Muhammad's clothes didn't result from masturbation, coitus interruptus, or nocturnal emissions. Via the process of elimination, that leaves us with some sort of sexual practice with his wives, which didn't involve masturbation, but also didn't involve penetration. Hence, Muhammad must have been using his wives' bodies to pleasure himself. Apart from penetration, how did Muhammad use his wives' bodies to satisfy his sexual urges? Muslim scholars have a simple answer that explains all of the data: Muhammad practiced "thighing."

Moreover, since Muhammad found the practice of thighing virgins preferable to sex with grown women (as we saw in Sahih al-Bukhari), he must have had some experience with thighing virgins. Muhammad married Aisha when she was six years old, but didn't consummate the marriage until she was nine years old. This three-year period between marriage and consummation must have been the time when he practiced thighing (unless our Muslim friends want to argue that he practiced thighing with a different virgin).

Of course, if Westernized Muslim apologists want to argue that Muhammad didn't practice thighing, they're free to explain the data in some other way. They merely need to tell us (a) what the practice of "fondling" involved, (b) what Muhammad was doing that left semen all over his clothes, and (c) why Muslim scholars have concluded that Muhammad practiced thighing. If they can explain these issues successfully, I suppose we'll have to drop the issue of thighing.

In the meantime, it's a bit disingenuous for Westernized Muslim apologists to accuse us of deception, when we only started drawing attention to "thighing" because Muslim scholars were talking about it. When we factor in the evidence from the Hadith, which is entirely consistent with thighing and inexplicable without it, we can only conclude that Muslim scholars who describe this early Islamic practice are absolutely correct.

Alternatively, Westernized Muslim apologists might want to take an indirect approach, by arguing that Muhammad couldn't have practiced thighing, since Muhammad is the pattern of conduct for all men (Qur'an 33:21), and "thighing" a little girl obviously isn't something that Islam's highest pattern of conduct would do. But let's face it. Muhammad (1) had sex with a prepubescent girl, (2) had sex with nearly a dozen women in one day, (3) had sex with his slave-girl in his wife's bed, (4) married the divorced wife of his own adopted son, (5) married a woman after having her husband tortured and killed, (6) allowed his followers to rape their female captives, (7) allowed his followers to hire prostitutes, and (8) promised his followers a paradise of eternal erections, which they will use to endlessly deflower their virgins. If Muslims want to argue that a man who did and taught all of this simply couldn't put his penis between his child-bride's legs, we'll have to wait patiently for their proof.

Friday, March 21, 2014

Devout Muslimah Zena Khan Tries to Defend Muhammad by Attacking Mary, Ends Up Refuting Islam

According to Islam's most trusted sources, Muhammad had sex with a nine-year-old girl. This isn't simply some peculiar historical fact, however. Because the Qur'an affirms Muhammad as the pattern of conduct for Muslims (33:21), little girls around the world are being forced into marriage even in our time.

Clearly, some non-Muslims (myself included) want to address this issue, both as a criticism of Muhammad and as a call for reform. Muslims, of course, want to defend their prophet. But sometimes, in their zeal to deflect criticism of Muhammad, they end up attacking Islam.

Take, for instance, our Muslim friend Zena Khan. Earlier today, on Facebook, Zena tried to defend Muhammad with the following post:

If you're new to the world of Islamic apologetics, you may be wondering where Muslims are getting the claim that Joseph was 90 years old (since the Bible doesn't give the age of Joseph or Mary). The source is an extraordinarily late and absurdly contrived text called "The History of Joseph the Carpenter." But our Muslim friends don't know this, because they typically pass on a link without bothering to check the source. So we have to ask them for the source in order to get them to dig a little deeper.

Zena went on to try to explain the obvious, namely, that she is simply trying to deflect criticism of Muhammad:

Naturally, I had to point out that, even if her claim were correct, this wouldn't have much to do with Muhammad's relationship with Aisha:

On to more pressing matters, Zena finally looked up the ultimate source of her claim:

So Zena's source is a 6th or 7th century text. But Zena's got another problem.

After this, I tried to introduce Zena to the concept of consistency, but she ignored it:

So I went back to showing Zena her conundrum. She was defending a text that contradicts the Qur'an:

Interestingly, when I drew a distinction between first-century texts and texts from much, much later, Zena accused Christians of simply using whatever text is most convenient for us:

My response was lost on her:

But by now, Zena had already undermined her religion (both in terms of history and in terms of methodology):

To hammer the point home:

Let's sum up before the practical application.

(1) Muhammad's sexual relationship with a nine-year-old girl has led to criticism of Islam.
(2) Muslims try to deflect this criticism by arguing that Mary was only a few years older than Aisha when she married Joseph, who was 90 at the time.
(3) Those extra few years, of course, are when girls typically go through puberty, so it isn't clear how this response helps Islam.
(4) Nevertheless, since the Bible doesn't say how old Mary and Joseph were, Muslims go to a 6th or 7th century text to defend their claim about Mary and Joseph (which they desperately need, in order to deflect criticism of Muhammad).
(5) We point out the obvious problems with appealing to such a late text.
(6) This forces Muslims to defend the text as historically reliable.
(7) In defending the text as historically reliable, they undermine their own historical methodology (because they would never go with such a late text to learn about Muhammad, and they routinely reject their own sources as fabrications).
(8) Once they have put their foot down and declared the text reliable, we draw attention to the fact that the text thoroughly contradicts the Qur'an.
(9) Hence, our Muslim friends have refuted Islam for us!

The practical application is this. No Christian source prior to the time of Muhammad agrees with Muhammad's teachings about Jesus. But Muslims like to go to certain Christian texts (whether orthodox or heretical) without understanding the texts, in an effort to find details that can be used to support Islam. When we challenge the reliability of these texts, Muslims will defend their reliability, because that's the basis of their defense of Muhammad's claims. Once the defense is made, it's time to show them that the text undermines Islam.

The goal is to show our Muslim friends that history does not support Islam, and that Islam forces its adherents to adopt the most radically inconsistent and illogical methodology imaginable to defend their prophet.

Tuesday, March 4, 2014

Muhammad's View of Women

Muslims often claim that Muhammad promoted women's rights. Islam's most trusted sources, however, tell a different story. According to the Qur'an, the testimony of a woman is only half as reliable as a man's testimony. Muhammad explains why in the hadith, where he declares that women are less intelligent and more immoral than men. When we combine these teachings with other Qur'anic teachings (e.g., Allah allowing men to beat their wives into submission, to rape their female captives, and to have sex with prepubescent girls), Muhammad's view of women becomes perfectly clear.

Here are some sources to consider:

Qur'an 4:34—Men are in charge of women, because Allah hath made the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women). So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. As for those from whom ye fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them. Lo! Allah is ever High, Exalted, Great.

Sahih al-Bukhari 2658—The Prophet said: "Isn't the witness of a woman equal to half of that of a man?" The women said: "Yes." He said: "This is because of the deficiency of her mind."

Sahih al-Bukhari 1052—The Prophet said: ". . . I saw the Hell-fire and I had never seen such a horrible sight. I saw that most of the inhabitants were women." The people asked: "O Allah's Apostle! Why is it so?" The Prophet said: "Because of their ungratefulness." It was asked whether they are ungrateful to Allah. The Prophet said: "They are ungrateful to their companions of life (husbands) and ungrateful to good deeds."

Sahih Muslim 142—[Muhammad said]: O womenfolk, you should give charity and ask much forgiveness for I saw you in bulk amongst the dwellers of Hell. A wise lady among them said: Why is it, Messenger of Allah, that our folk are in bulk in Hell? Upon this the Holy Prophet observed: You curse too much and are ungrateful to your spouses. I have seen none lacking in common sense and failing in religion but (at the same time) robbing the wisdom of the wise, besides you. Upon this the woman remarked: What is wrong with our common sense and with our religion? He (the Holy Prophet) observed: Your lack of common sense (can be well judged from the fact) that the evidence of two women is equal to one man; that is a proof of the lack of common sense.

Click here for more information about women in Islam.

Monday, March 3, 2014

Muhammad Had No Assurance of Salvation

Muslims regularly pray for Allah to bless Muhammad with peace. But why would Muhammad be affected by the prayers of Muslims? The reason is that, according to Islam, even Muhammad didn't know what Allah would do to him after he died (Quran 46:9). But if Muhammad himself had no assurance of salvation, what hope is there for his followers?

For more on Muhammad's lack of assurance, see the following articles by Sam Shamoun:
"Praying for Muhammad’s Peace and Security: More Islamic Evidence That Muhammad Is not Saved"
"Was Muhammad Certain of His Salvation?"

Monday, February 24, 2014

Muhammad Breaks His Oath to His Wives

Muhammad's wife Hafsa once caught him in her bed with another woman—his slave-girl, Mary the Copt. Seeking to avoid further conflict, Muhammad promised that he would stop having sex with Mary. Later, however, Muhammad received one of his infamous morally convenient revelations from Allah.

Qur'an 66:1-2—O Prophet! why do you forbid (yourself) that which Allah has made lawful for you; you seek to please your wives; and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. Allah indeed has sanctioned for you the expiation of your oaths and Allah is your Protector, and He is the Knowing, the Wise.

Here's Tafsir Jalalayn commenting on this verse:

O Prophet! Why do you prohibit what God has made lawful for you, in terms of your Coptic handmaiden Māriya — when he lay with her in the house of Hafsa, who had been away, but who upon returning [and finding out] became upset by the fact that this had taken place in her own house and on her own bed — by saying, ‘She is unlawful for me!’, seeking, by making her unlawful [for you], to please your wives? And God is Forgiving, Merciful, having forgiven you this prohibition.

For further confirmation, we have the following hadith:

Sunan An-Nasa'i 3411—It was narrated from Anas, that the Messenger of Allah had a female slave with whom he had intercourse, but Aishah and Hafsah would not leave him alone until he said that she was forbidden for him. Then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, revealed: "O Prophet! Why do you forbid (for yourself) that which Allah has allowed to you" [66:1] until the end of the verse.

Since the Qur'an is supposedly Allah's eternal Word, our Muslim friends expect us to believe that, from eternity past, Allah had nothing better to do than compose verses giving Muhammad the right to break his oath to his wives so that he could continue having sex with his slave-girl.

***UPDATE*** A Muslim just claimed in the comments section that this hadith doesn't exist. So here it is as it appears in the Darussalam edition:

Sunday, February 23, 2014

Muhammad's Eleven Wives (and the Qur'anic Limit of Four Wives)

According to the Qur'an, Muslim men are allowed to have up to four wives at one time (Qur'an 4:3). Muhammad, however, was married to eleven wives at once:

Sahih al-Bukhari 268—“Anas bin Malik said, ‘The Prophet used to visit all his wives in a round, during the day and night and they were eleven in number.’ I asked Anas, ‘Had the Prophet the strength for it?’ Anas replied, ‘We used to say that the Prophet was given the strength of thirty (men).’ And Sa'id said on the authority of Qatada that Anas had told him about nine wives only (not eleven).”

So if Allah's eternal Word says that Muslims can marry no more than four wives, why did Muhammad get more? It seems that Allah's eternal Word also contains an exception for Muhammad. Qur'an 33:50 says that Muhammad (and only Muhammad) was free to take for himself as many wives as he liked.

Getting suspicious yet?

Saturday, February 22, 2014

Muhammad and Nikah al-Mut'ah (Temporary Marriage as a Form of Prostitution)

The Prophet of Islam allowed his followers to practice a form of prostitution called Nikah al-Mut'ah. In Muhammad's time, a Muslim could pay a woman for "temporary marriage," which would last a few hours, days, weeks, or months (depending on the agreement). Many Muslims today claim that Muhammad eventually changed his mind about this obviously immoral practice, and that Mut'ah is now forbidden in Islam (certain Muslim sources suggest this). But these Muslims fail to mention that some of Islam's most trusted sources plainly declare that Muhammad never prohibited Mut'ah. For instance, the following passage in Sahih Muslim says that Muslims were practicing Mut'ah well beyond the lifetime of Muhammad:

Sahih Muslim 3248—Ibn Uraij reported: 'Ati' reported that Jabir b. Abdullah came to perform 'Umra, and we came to his abode, and the people asked him about different things, and then they made a mention of temporary marriage, whereupon he said: Yes, we had been benefiting ourselves by this temporary marriage during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet and during the time of Abu Bakr and ‘Umar.

Some hadith claim that it was Umar, rather than Muhammad, who outlawed Mut'ah:

Sahih Muslim 3250—Abu Nadra reported: While I was in the company of Jabir b. Abdullah, a person came to him and said that Ibn 'Abbas and Ibn Zubair differed on the two types of Mut'a (Tamattu’ of Hajj 1846 and Tamattu’ with women), whereupon Jabir said: We used to do these two during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger. Umar then forbade us to do them, and so we did not revert to them.

According to Sahih al-Bukhari (Sunni Islam's most trusted collection of ahadith), Mut'ah is justified by the Qur'an itself! Consider the following verse from the Qur'an:

Qur'an 5:87—O ye who believe! Forbid not the good things which Allah hath made lawful for you, and transgress not, Lo! Allah loveth not transgressors.

Notice how this verse was used by Muhammad:

Sahih al-Bukhari 5079—We used to participate in the holy battles led by Allah's Messenger and we had nothing (no wives) with us. So we said, "Shall we get ourselves castrated?" He forbade us that and then allowed us to marry a woman temporarily by giving her even a garment and then he recited to us: "O you who believe! Make not unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful for you." (5.87)

Hence, Muslim men who want to hire prostitutes can simply point out that both the Qur'an (the Word of Allah) and Muhammad (Islam's final prophet) allowed prostitution, and that later Muslims (like Umar) cannot overrule Allah and Muhammad.

For some of the practical consequences of Muhammad's teachings about Mut'ah, see the following articles:

"Syrian Mothers Selling Daughters as Prostitutes to Wealthy Saudis in Accordance with Sharia"
"Muta (Islamic Prostitution) Still Common in Poor Areas of Egypt"
"Hezbollah Using Prostitution (Muta) for Recruitment"
"Temporary Marriage in Iran"

For a more thorough discussion of Mut'ah in the Islamic sources, see the following article by Sam Shamoun:

"Revisiting Muhammad’s Permitting a Form of Prostitution known As Muta"

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Was Muhammad a Victim of Black Magic?

According to Islam's most trusted sources, Muhammad was a victim of a magic spell, which gave him delusional thoughts and false beliefs. Consider two ahadith:

Sahih Al-Bukhari 3175—Aisha narrated: "Once the Prophet was bewitched so that he began to imagine that he had done a thing which in fact, he had not done."

Sahih Al-Bukhari 5765—Aisha narrated: Magic was worked on Allah's Apostle so that he used to think that he had had sexual relations with his wives while he actually had not. Then one day he said, "O Aisha, do you know that Allah has instructed me concerning the matter I asked Him about? Two men came to me and one of them sat near my head and the other sat near my feet. The one near my head asked the other: 'What is wrong with this man?' The latter replied, 'He is under the effect of magic.' The first one asked, 'Who has worked magic on him?' The other replied, 'Labid bin Al-Asam, a man from Bani Zuraiq who was an ally of the Jews and was a hypocrite.' The first one asked, 'What material did he use?' The other replied, 'A comb and the hair stuck to it.'"

Apart from the most obvious problem for Muslims (namely, how anyone can fully trust a man who was controlled by a magic spell), there is a deeper difficulty. According to Qur'an 2:102, magic comes from demons. According to Qur'an 16:98-100, Satan has no power over those "who believe and put trust in their Lord," but only over those "who make a friend of him, and those who ascribe partners unto Him (Allah)." So if Satan only has power over those who befriend him and commit shirk, and black magic is demonic power over human beings, and Muhammad was a victim of black magic, then Muhammad, according to the Qur'an, must have been a friend of Satan who committed shirk!

For more on this issue, see Sam Shamoun's article, "Was Muhammad Protected from the Power of Satan?"

Sunday, February 16, 2014

Is Muhammad a Pearl?

The discussion continues!

For more on Muhammad:

Wives of Muhammad: Sauda bint Zama'ah

One of Muhammad's many wives (he had at least nine wives at one time, even though Qur'an 4:3 says Muslims are limited to four wives) was a woman named Sauda bint Zama'ah. As Sauda aged, she became unattractive and extremely overweight, and Muhammad decided to divorce her. Terrified of being abandoned in her old age, Sauda hatched a plan. She knew that Aisha was Muhammad's favorite wife, and that Muhammad would like to spend even more time with Aisha. So Sauda told Muhammad that, if he would keep her as his wife and not abandon her, she would give her sex night to Aisha. Thus, Muhammad would be able to spend twice as much time with Aisha. Muhammad was happy with the arrangement, and so was Allah, who revealed Surah 4, verse 128:

If a wife fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part, there is no blame on them if they arrange an amicable settlement between themselves; and such settlement is best; even though men's souls are swayed by greed. But if ye do good and practise self-restraint, Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.

Here is Ibn Kathir's commentary on this verse:

Allah states, and thus legislates accordingly, that sometimes, the man inclines away from his wife, sometimes towards her and sometimes he parts with her. In the first case, when the wife fears that her husband is steering away from her or deserting her, she is allowed to forfeit all or part of her rights, such as provisions, clothing, dwelling, and so forth, and the husband is allowed to accept such concessions from her. Hence, there is no harm if she offers such concessions, and if her husband accepts them. This is why Allah said, (there is no sin on them both if they make terms of peace between themselves). He then said, (and making peace is better) than divorce. Allah's statement, (And human souls are swayed by greed) means, coming to peaceful terms, even when it involves forfeiting some rights, is better than parting. Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, "Sawdah feared that the Messenger of Allah might divorce her and she said, `O Messenger of Allah! Do not divorce me; give my day to A'ishah.' And he did, and later on Allah sent down, (And if a woman fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part, there is no sin on them both).

Allah's message to Muslim women: When you get old and become less attractive, be prepared to relinquish some of your rights, or your husband can kick you to the curb.

Saturday, February 15, 2014

Muhammad Commands His Followers to Kill Critics of Islam

Everyone seems shocked when Muslims riot over a poorly made Youtube video or some silly cartoons. But violent responses to criticism are a tradition in Islam, and Muhammad himself started the tradition. Let's look at an example.

A man named Abu Afak was more than a hundred years old when he decided to write a poem about Muhammad, who was dividing people and causing them to kill one another. Here's the story of Abu Afak's death:

Abu Afak was one of the B. Amr b. Auf of the B. Ubayda clan. He showed his disaffection when the apostle killed al-Harith b. Suwayd b. Samit and said:

Long have I lived but never have I seen An assembly or collection of people More faithful to their undertaking And their allies when called upon Than the sons of Qayla when they assembled, Men who overthrew mountains and never submitted, A rider who came to them split them in two (saying) "Permitted", "Forbidden", of all sorts of things. Had you believed in glory or kingship You would have followed Tubba.

The apostle said, "Who will deal with this rascal for me?" Whereupon Salim b. Umayr, brother of B. Amr b. Auf, one of the "weepers", went forth and killed him. (Ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah, p. 675)

Hence, Muhammad's followers understood that people who criticize Islam or Muhammad must be killed. Soon, Muslims were free to kill anyone who made fun of Muhammad:

Sunan Abu Dawud 4348—Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas: A blind man had a slave-mother who used to abuse the Prophet and disparage him. He forbade her but she did not stop. He rebuked her but she did not give up her habit. One night she began to slander the Prophet and abuse him. So he took a dagger, placed it on her belly, pressed it, and killed her. A child who came between her legs was smeared with the blood that was there. When the morning came, the Prophet was informed about it. He assembled the people and said: I adjure by Allah the man who has done this action and I adjure him by my right to him that he should stand up. Jumping over the necks of the people and trembling the man stood up. He sat before the Prophet and said: Apostle of Allah! I am her master; she used to abuse you and disparage you. I forbade her, but she did not stop, and I rebuked her, but she did not abandon her habit. I have two sons like pearls from her, and she was my companion. Last night she began to abuse and disparage you. So I took a dagger, put it on her belly and pressed it till I killed her. Thereupon the Prophet said: Oh be witness, no retaliation is payable for her blood.

Sunan Abu Dawud 4349—Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib: A Jewess used to abuse the Prophet and disparage him. A man strangled her till she died. The Apostle of Allah declared that no recompense was payable for her blood.

When Muslims become violent over criticism of their religion, they are doing exactly what their prophet taught them to do. Yet politicians and the media continue to assure us that Islam is a religion of peace, and that violence only occurs when terrorists "hijack" the religion.

Friday, February 14, 2014

Muhammad and the Torture of Kinana ibn al-Rabi

According to our earliest detailed biographical source on Muhammad's life, Islam's prophet once ordered his followers to torture a man for money. Here's the passage:

Kinana b. al-Rabi, who had the custody of the treasure of Banu al-Nadir, was brought to the apostle who asked him about it. He denied that he knew where it was. A Jew came to the apostle and said that he had seen Kinana going round a certain ruin every morning early. When the apostle said to Kinana, "Do you know that if we find you have it I shall kill you?" he said Yes. The apostle gave orders that the ruin was to be excavated and some of the treasure was found. When he asked him about the rest he refused to produce it, so the apostle gave orders to al-Zubayr b. al-Awwam, "Torture him until you extract what he has," so he kindled a fire with flint and steel on his chest until he was nearly dead. Then the apostle delivered him to Muhammad b. Maslama and he struck off his head, in revenge for his brother Mahmud. (Ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah, p. 515)

Following this brutal spectacle, Muhammad took Kinana's seventeen-year-old wife, Safiyya bint Huyayy, as his own bride (because nothing says lovin' like torturing and murdering a woman's husband for money).

Wednesday, February 12, 2014

Ten MORE Reasons Muhammad Is Not a Prophet

When we shared our "Top Ten Reasons Muhammad Is Not a Prophet," you didn't think they were our only reasons for rejecting Muhammad, did you? To keep the discussion going, here are ten more reasons Muhammad is not a prophet. Fasten your seat belts.

Friday, February 7, 2014

The Problem of the Satanic Verses

According to numerous Islamic sources, Muhammad once delivered a revelation promoting polytheism. Later, he claimed that Satan had tricked him into delivering these infamous "Satanic Verses" (as they are now called). Here's the story, according to Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah (our earliest biographical source on Muhammad):

Now the apostle was anxious for the welfare of his people, wishing to attract them as far as he could. . . . When the apostle saw that his people turned their backs on him and he was pained by their estrangement from what he brought them from God he longed that there should come to him from God a message that would reconcile his people to him. Because of his love for his people and his anxiety over them it would delight him if the obstacle that made his task so difficult could be removed. . . . Then God sent down "By the star when it sets your comrade errs not and is not deceived, he speaks not from his own desire," and when he reached His words "Have you thought of al-Lat and al-Uzza and Manat the third, the other", Satan, when he was meditating upon it, and desiring to bring it to his people, put upon his tongue "these are the exalted Gharaniq [Numidian cranes] whose intercession is approved." When the Quraysh heard that, they were delighted and greatly pleased at the way in which he spoke of their gods and they listened to him; while the believers were holding that what their prophet brought them from their Lord was true, not suspecting a mistake or a vain desire or a slip, and when he reached the prostration and the end of the Sura in which he prostrated himself the Muslims prostrated themselves when their prophet prostrated confirming what he brought and obeying his command, and the polytheists of Quraysh and others who were in the mosque prostrated when they heard the mention of their gods, so that everyone in the mosque believer and unbeliever prostrated . . . Then the people dispersed and the Quraysh went out, delighted at what had been said about their gods, saying, "Muhammad has spoken of our gods in splendid fashion. He alleged in what he read that they are the exalted Gharaniq whose intercession is approved."

The news reached the prophet’s companions who were in Abyssinia, it being reported that Quraysh had accepted Islam, so some men started to return while others remained behind. Then Gabriel came to the apostle and said, "What have you done, Muhammad? You have read to these people something I did not bring you from God and you have said what He did not say to you." The apostle was bitterly grieved and was greatly in fear of God. So God sent down (a revelation), for He was merciful to him, comforting him and making light of the affair and telling him that every prophet and apostle before him desired as he desired and wanted what he wanted and Satan interjected something into his desires as he had on his tongue. So God annulled what Satan had suggested and God established His verses, i.e. you are just like the prophets and apostles. Then God sent down: "We have not sent a prophet or apostle before you but when he longed Satan cast suggestions in his longing. But God will annul what Satan has suggested. Then God will establish his verses, God being knowing and wise." (Ibn Ishaq, pp. 165-166)

Hmmm. So Muhammad, according to Muslim sources, couldn't tell the difference between a revelation from God and a revelation from Satan? Nothing to worry about here (unless you like to think).

Thursday, February 6, 2014

Theological Implications of Muhammad's Death

Qur'an 69:44-46 says that if Muhammad invents false revelations, Allah will sever his aorta. Interestingly, Muhammad died in agony, saying that he could feel his aorta being severed. Coincidence?

For a more detailed examination of Muhammad's death in light of Allah's promise to sever his aorta for false prophecies, watch this video:

For those with ADD, here's an extremely brief presentation of the argument:

Wednesday, February 5, 2014

Muhammad, Zaynab, and the End of Adoption in Islam

Muhammad had an adopted son named Zayd, who was called "Zayd bin Muhammad" ("Zayd, son of Muhammad"). One day, Muhammad went to visit him and was greeted by Zayd's wife, Zaynab, who was extremely attractive, and who was wearing very little clothing at the time. Here's what happened according to al-Tabari:

She jumped up in haste and excited the admiration of the Messenger of God, so that he turned away murmuring something that could scarcely be understood. However, he did say overtly: "Glory be to God the Almighty! Glory be to God, who causes hearts to turn!" (The History of al-Tabari, Volume VIII, p. 2)

When Zayd found out that Muhammad was attracted to his wife, he decided to divorce her. Muhammad, of course, was worried about what people might think, so he told Zayd to keep his wife for himself. However, Zaynab learned that Muhammad was attracted to her, and she began despising her husband. Zayd, wanting to give his adopted father whatever he desired, divorced his wife.

Muhammad was still worried about what people might think if he married Zaynab, but then he began receiving revelations to justify the marriage. He received Surah 33:37, which reads:

Behold! Thou didst say to one who had received the grace of Allah and thy favour: "Retain thou (in wedlock) thy wife, and fear Allah." But thou didst hide in thy heart that which Allah was about to make manifest: thou didst fear the people, but it is more fitting that thou shouldst fear Allah. Then when Zayd had dissolved (his marriage) with her, with the necessary (formality), We joined her in marriage to thee: in order that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the Believers in (the matter of) marriage with the wives of their adopted sons, when the latter have dissolved with the necessary (formality) (their marriage) with them. And Allah's command must be fulfilled.

Notice the underlined portion, which says that the reason Allah wanted Muhammad to marry Zaynab was so that future generations of Muslims would know that it's okay for Muslims to marry the divorced wives of their adopted sons. Here we may start to wonder, "Is this a problem men struggle with? Is this problem so significant among men, that Allah needed not only to put this verse into his eternal Word, but also to have his prophet marry the divorced wife of his own adopted son?" Inquiring minds want to know.

Muhammad's special revelation didn't keep people from criticizing him for marrying Zaynab, so he conveniently received another revelation, Surah 33:4-5, which says that adopted sons aren't really sons. Since adopted sons aren't really sons, Zaynab wasn't really his daughter-in-law, and no one should criticize his marriage to her. The passage reads:

Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body: nor has He made your wives whom ye divorce by Zihar your mothers: nor has He made your adopted sons your sons. Such is (only) your (manner of) speech by your mouths. But Allah tells (you) the Truth, and He shows the (right) Way. Call them by (the names of) their fathers: that is juster in the sight of Allah. But if ye know not their father's (names, call them) your Brothers in faith, or your Mawlas. But there is no blame on you if ye make a mistake therein: (what counts is) the intention of your hearts: and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

From that point on, Zayd was no longer called Muhammad's son, and Muhammad and Zaynab lived happily ever after (at least, until Muhammad died an agonizing death after being poisoned by a Jewish woman whose family had been slaughtered by invading Muslims).

But think carefully about what just happened. Allah desperately needed men to understand that it's okay to marry the divorced wives of their adopted sons, so he ordered Muhammad to marry Zaynab. But then Allah outlawed adoption, which means that men will never have adopted sons, and therefore will never worry about whether they should marry the divorced wives of their adopted sons. It seems that Allah sent Muhammad on a wild goose chase (and ended, for Muslims, one of man's noblest and most humane traditions).

For more on the Zaynab scandal, see these articles:

Sam Shamoun, "Zaid, Zaynab, and Muhammad"
Sam Shamoun, "Muhammad, Zaid, and Zaynab Revisited"