Tuesday, October 30, 2012

What Are the 99 Names of Allah?

The Qur’an commands Muslims to call on Allah by his “most beautiful names”:

Qur’an 7:180—The Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah: So call on Him by them; But shun such men as use profanity in His names: For what they do, they will soon be requited.

In the Hadith, Muhammad says that there are 99 names of Allah, and that anyone who memorizes the list of names will be awarded paradise:

Sahih Muslim 6475—Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger as saying: There are ninety-nine names of Allah; he who commits them to memory would get into Paradise. Verily, Allah is Odd (He is one, and it is an odd number) and He loves odd number.

However, there are more than 99 names of Allah found in the Qur’an and the Hadith, and Muhammad never delivered an official list to his followers. This makes it impossible to know which specific names are included among the 99 names. Yet there is general agreement among Muslims concerning most of Allah’s names. Hence, compilations of the 99 names of Allah will agree on the vast majority of the following epithets.



Arabic
Transliteration
English
Meaning
Sample
Verse
1
Ar-Rahman
“The Gracious”
1:1
2
Ar-Rahim
“The Merciful”
1:1
3
Al-Malik
“The King”
59:23
4
Al-Quddus
“The Holy”
59:23
5
As-Salam
“The Peace”
59:23
6
Al-Mu’min
“The One Who Gives Security”
59:23
7
Al-Muhaymin
“The Protector”
59:23
8
Al-Aziz
“The Mighty”
59:23
9
Al-Jabbar
“The Compeller”
59:23
10
Al-Mutakabbir
“The Majestic”
59:23
11
Al-Khaliq
“The Creator”
59:24
12
Al-Bari
“The Maker”
59:24
13
Al-Musawwir
“The Shaper”
59:24
14
Al-Ghaffar
“The Forgiver”
20:82
15
Al-Qahhar
“The One Who Subdues”
12:39
16
Al-Wahhab
“The One Who Bestows”
3:8
17
Ar-Razzaq
“The Provider”
51:58
18
Al-Fattah
“The Opener”
34:26
19
Al-Alim
“The Knowing”
2:158
20
Al-Qabid
“The Withholder”
2:245
21
Al-Basit
“The Expander”
2:245
22
Al-Khafid
“The One Who Abases”
56:3
23
Ar-Rafi
“The One Who Exalts”
58:11
24
Al-Mu’izz
“The One Who Gives Honor”
3:26
25
Al-Mudill
“The One Who Humiliates”
3:26
26
As-Sami
“The Hearing”
2:127
27
Al-Basir
“The Seeing”
4:58
28
Al-Hakam
“The Judge”
22:69
29
Al-Adl
“The Just”
6:115
30
Al-Latif
“The Subtle”
6:103
31
Al-Khabir
“The Aware”
6:18
32
Al-Halim
“The Forbearing”
2:235
33
Al-Azim
“The Incomparably Great”
2:255
34
Al-Ghafur
“The Forgiving”
2:173
35
As-Shakur
“The Appreciative”
35:30
36
Al-Ali
“The Highest”
4:34
37
Al-Kabir
“The Great”
13:9
38
Al-Hafiz
“The Preserver”
11:57
39
Al-Muqit
“The Sustainer”
4:85
40
Al-Hasib
“The One Who Brings Judgment”
4:86
41
Al-Jalil
“The Sublime”
55:27
42
Al-Karim
“The Generous”
27:40
43
Ar-Raqib
“The Watchful”
4:1
44
Al-Mujib
“The Responsive”
11:61
45
Al-Wasi
“The Boundless”
2:268
46
Al-Hakim
“The Wise”
31:27
47
Al-Wadud
“The Loving”
11:90
48
Al-Majid
“The Glorious”
11:73
49
Al-Ba’ith
“The One Who Resurrects”
22:7
50
As-Shahid
“The Witness”
4:166
51
Al-Haqq
“The Truth”
6:62
52
Al-Wakil
“The Advocate”
3:173
53
Al-Qawwi
“The Strong”
22:40
54
Al-Matin
“The Firm”
51:58
55
Al-Wali
“The Friend”
4:45
56
Al-Hamid
“The Praiseworthy”
14:8
57
Al-Muhsi
“The Reckoner”
72:28
58
Al-Mubdi
“The Originator”
10:34
59
Al-Mu’id
“The Restorer”
10:34
60
Al-Muhyi
“The Giver of Life”
7:158
61
Al-Mumit
“The Bringer of Death”
7:158
62
Al-Hayy
“The Living”
2:255
63
Al-Qayyum
“The Subsisting”
2:255
64
Al-Wajid
“The Finder”
38:44
65
Al-Majid
“The Noble”
85:15
66
Al-Wahid
“The One”
2:163
67
Al-Ahad
“The Indivisible”
112:1
68
As-Samad
“The Eternal”
112:1
69
Al-Qadir
“The Able”
6:65
70
Al-Muqtadir
“The Determiner”
18:45
71
Al-Muqaddim
“The Expediter”
16:61
72
Al-Mu’akhkhir
“The Delayer”
71:4
73
Al-Awwal
“The First”
57:3
74
Al-Akhir
“The Last”
57:3
75
Az-Zahir
“The Manifest”
57:3
76
Al-Batin
“The Hidden”
57:3
77
Al-Wali
“The Patron”
13:11
78
Al-Muta’ali
“The Exalted”
13:9
79
Al-Barr
“The Beneficent”
52:28
80
At-Tawwab
“The Relenting”
2:128
81
Al-Muntaqim
“The Avenger”
32:22
82
Al-Afu
“The Pardoner”
4:99
83
Ar-Ra’uf
“The Kind”
3:30
84
Malik-ul-Mulk
“The Owner of the Kingdom”
3:26
85
Dhul-Jalali-
wal-ikram
“The Lord of
Majesty”
55:27
86
Al-Muqsit
“The Equitable”
7:29
87
Al-Jami
“The Gatherer”
3:9
88
Al-Ghani
“The Rich”
3:97
89
Al-Mughni
“The Enricher”
9:28
90
Al-Mani
“The Defender”
67:21
91
Ad-Darr
“The Afflicter”
6:17
92
An-Nafi
“The Benefactor”
30:37
93
An-Nur
“The Light”
24:35
94
Al-Hadi
“The Way”
22:54
95
Al-Badi
“The Incomparable”
2:117
96
Al-Baqi
“The Everlasting”
55:27
97
Al-Warith
“The Inheritor”
15:23
98
Ar-Rashid
“The Guide”
2:256
99
As-Sabur
“The Patient”
2:153

For more about the god of Islam, visit out "Allah" page.

15 comments:

John Bob said...

If this allah is the same as the God of the bible then why is he not mentioned by his biblical name YHWH. YHWH is nowhere to be found in the quran, why?

Joe Daniels said...

Probably because the tetragram (4-letter name of God) was too Jewish?

I think Aleister Crowley did something on the 99 names of Allah in his book 777. And verily Crowley was Odd too.

apran said...

The muslims are lying again, they don't include the name "the deceiver" or Al Makireena in the list of the 99 names. See 3:54 for example:

3:54
Transliteration: Wamakaroo wamakara Allahu waAllahu khayru almakireena
Literal: And they cheated/deceived and God cheated/deceived, and God (is) the best (of) the cheaters/deceivers.[2]
(http://wikiislam.net/wiki/Allah_the_Best_Deceiver)

Noore'en said...

I think there are a few more I could think of ;)

bob said...

The devil certainly likes to big-note himself.

SGM said...

It is funny that there are 99 names of Allah and Allah is not one of them. Does this mean that there are actually 100 names of Allah?

On another note, I have never heard any moslem saying, I am going to pray to the "The Afflicter" or "The Equitable" or "The Benefector". From now on, I am going to call Allah "The Afflicter".

Nothin'ButTheTruth said...

lol 97 The Inheritor? I thought he owns everything? How can he be the inheritor then? funny but sad how muslims believe in him,

Mary said...

Mohammad's Allah by any other name would still advocate being deceitful, hating non-Muslims, plundering, abusing, raping, and murdering non-Muslims, killing apostates to Islam (even those who merely fall short), killing children and grandchildren for any rebellion against Islamic teaching, raping wives and sex slaves, making slaves of non-Muslims, etc., etc., etc. There is nothing loving, peaceful, merciful, forgiving, etc., in all of that.

rowland said...

Al-Jabbar “The Compeller”
Al-Batin “The Hidden”
Al-Qahhar “The One Who
Subdues”

Looking at this three, I am certain MO gave Allah any name that popped into his head, and made all others up as he moved through the desert.

Jamal Hassan said...

@ Mary rather naive and superficial people such as you would say the exact same thing about the Old Testament I would think. I'm smarter than that so I would actually look at both perspectives of the Old Testament before reaching such elementary conclusions.

Now how about we bring a neutral perspective to this article. Islamic scholars are agreed that the 99 names are not the only names. I'm not sure what the point of this article is exactly. Scholars have written answers to any questions you may have regarding the 99 names and why they do not include all the names and so forth.

Regarding decieving, let's use some logic before pointing fingers at translators who may not know the english connotation and such of "decieve." Just for a second let's give benefit of the doubt. Let us look at an ayah of the Quran with makr.

“And (remember) when the disbelievers plotted against you (O Muhammad) to imprison you, or to kill you, or to get you out (from your home, i.e. Makkah); they were plotting and Allaah too was plotting; and Allaah is the Best of those who plot”
[al-Anfaal 8:30]

Logic please. The Makkans were plotting/planning to kill Muhammad, not really decieving. Try to get the meaning of makr from other ayas of the Quran. It's not really decieving as we know today. Any honest person would see that.

Belajar Internet Marketing said...

@jamal hassan believe ALLAH can PLOT because those who PLOT against the believer... suddenly comes into my mind that ALLAH was a childish B*****D... because ALLAH REACT like a CHILD... wow.. how amazing ALLAH is...

Allah Akbar said...

Mohammed itself said that, the names of Allah is not limited to 99.
Read this :
http://www.muslimaccess.com/articles/misc/99_attributes_of_allah.asp

You people can only show something without any evidence, but dont try to hide the truth!

WARUNG POJOK said...

some names of Allah according muslims :
1. Al-Haqq --> the truth
2. Al-Awwal --> the first
3. Al-Akhir --> the last
4. An-Nur --> the light
5. Al-Hadi --> the way

isn't those name also mention by Lord Jesus and claim by Him as His attributes. In this case, muslims has no ground to reject that Lord Jesus as God himself.

Also Bible told us which Qur'an also agreed that Jesus would come as a Judge to all man.

once again one of the Allah's name in Qur'an is Al-Hakam (Judge), which this status were given to Lord Jesus in the last day.

So from this point of view, what more evidence muslims need since their own Qur'an confirmed who Lord Jesus is ?

umar knight said...

loooool this is getting more boring and boring. dude how ignorant are you ? you have mistranslated the names so wrong. for that you're a lier and i wiil never consider any of your articles valuable.

David Wood said...

How about giving some examples?